If the book was written in the final decade of the first century the traditional view , then its prophecies probably do not concern the destruction of Jerusalem, an event that would have already taken place. On the other hand, if Revelation was written before A. Sproul, The Last Days according to Jesus, p Note: Amillennialists proclaim that Revelation was written before Jerusalem was destroyed. The Question of Evidence. When questions of dating biblical books arise, one must consider two main kinds of evidence: external and internal. As the word suggests, external evidence looks to material apart from and outside the book itself, such as the testimony of ancient writers or citations, quotes, or allusions from other writers, and so forth.
Revelation to John
Those in favor of the later date appeal to the external testimony of of Revelation refers to Nero; however those favoring a late date see.
PMT by Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. A preteristic understanding of Revelation is strongly though not absolutely linked with its early dating. And the dating of Revelation is not a theoretical assumption, but is based on exegetical evidence. There are two basic positions on the dating of Revelation, although each has several slight variations. The current majority position is the late-date view.
The minority view-point today is the early-date position. Early-date advocates hold that Revelation was written by John prior to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in A. I hold that Revelation was produced prior to the death of Nero in June, A.
Book of Revelation
Why is the date of Revelation’s writing dangerous? While dating books of the Bible is important, in most cases it does not change how we understand the meaning of the Book. Take Genesis for example.
Whenever it was written, Revelation aims to encourage Christians during an imperial persecution. Arguments for a Late Date (A.D. 96). As external evidence they.
This post is not for them. It is for those who are tired of playing games with Revelation; who are ready to approach it in a new way — as Scripture — and to seek out its word to us in line with best practices in listening to the rest of Scripture. Because Scripture ought to be considered first and foremost as a word to those for whom it was written , from the Lord to give them much-needed guidance.
I have found this approach lends itself far better to biblical preaching and to the difficult task of discerning the challenges facing Christians in their settings worldwide. Revelation will speak a word to us as well, of course, but it speaks the clearest and most reliably when we read as we would 1 Corinthians or 1 Peter: when we think about it first as a pastoral word to the actual churches the author cared about, a word that was to be understood by them , to shape their perceptions of their everyday realities, and to motivate faithful responses to their circumstances.
The risen and glorified Lord speaks a word to the churches through the prophet John, affirming their strengths, diagnosing their weaknesses, calling them to faithful action, threatening judgment upon the recalcitrant and promising favor for the penitent and faithful. In short, they do precisely what so much of the prophetic corpus of the Old Testament sought to do for the communities of Israel and Judah. On the contrary, we are in a far less privileged position than the Christians in Ephesus or Pergamum when it comes to reading Revelation.
Indeed, the realities with which Revelation interacts—the features of a landscape very familiar to its first audiences—are for us elements of a quite distant and foreign landscape. Reading Revelation as pastoral letter, early Christian prophecy, and apocalypse orients us toward Revelation in a very different way from those who read it as a road map for our future or as a countdown to the end.
Dating the Book of Revelation
External Evidence for an Early Date of Revelation :. Biblical scholarship. Concerning external evidence, the domin an t tradition, beginning with Irenaeus.
Before Jerusalem Fell: Dating the Book of Revelation: Gentry, Kenneth L Jr: deals thoroughly with his detractors and with the late date scholarly “consensus”.
With the dating of Revelation, you establish the true historical prospective. If you date it early, you have its fulfillment in God’s judgment on Israel. If you date it late, you have every man’s idea. So dating plays a very important part in its interpretation. There are differences of opinion as to when this book was written. These can be summed up as the “late date” and the “early date” theories.
First, we’ll cover the late date theory. Then we’ll examine the facts which support the early date theory. This date is determined by the following statement by Irenaeus AD to AD , as quoted by Eusebius, the church historian, in AD “We will not, however, incur the risk of pronouncing positively as to the name of Antichrist; for if it were necessary that his name should be distinctly revealed in this present time, it would have been announced by him who beheld the apocalyptic vision.
When Was the Book of Revelation Written?
The second segment consisted of the References page. These segments can be found here:. We will now move on to a consideration of the date in which the book of Revelation was written.
“Therefore, a date during the time of Nero is possible for Revelation, but the later setting under Domitian is more probable in the light of the evidence in the book.
By: Sam Storms. It is crucial for every student of the book of Revelation to read and meditate upon this statement in Simply put, contrary to popular opinion, and notwithstanding the often bizarre and mysterious images it conveys, God intends for Revelation to be understandable, edifying, and enjoyable! Josephine Massyngberde Ford, in her commentary in the Anchor Bible series , identified the author of Revelation as John the Baptist!
He never speaks of himself as an apostle. The earliest tradition within the church ascribes the Revelation to the apostle John: e. Others often cited as supporting apostolic authorship are Papias, Melito of Sardis, Origen, and Hippolytus. It was not until Dionysius of Alexandria in the third century that any major dissent from apostolic authorship was heard. Arguments against apostolic authorship are primarily based on the supposed grammatical, stylistic and terminological differences between the Revelation and the 4 th gospel.
Some contend that the language of the gospel is smooth, fluent, and written in relatively simple and accurate Greek, whereas that of the Revelation is harsh, with many grammatical and syntactical irregularities. Smalley Thunder and Love disagrees, reminding us that the uniqueness of Revelation is due in part to the fact that John was thinking in Hebrew while writing in Greek. Others contend that the theology of the two books is so divergent as to preclude identity of authorship; e.
When was it most likely written?
Lesson 1 in the series The Book of Revelation:. Explains how Revelation’s context and setting can help us understand its original meaning and apply its message to our own lives in the modern world. When Jesus died, many of his disciples and admirers believed that he had experienced his final defeat. Some even believed that all his teachings and miracles were for nothing.
Revelation was most likely written prior to 70ad. The late dating (after 90AD) comes more from tradition and an interpretation of a quote by Iraneaus than from.
By James M. Why is the dating of Revelation important? As preterist Ken Gentry writes,. If the late-date of around A. The events in the mid to late 60s of the first century would be absolutely excluded as possible fulfillments. If the book was written after A. By contrast, if one is a futurist regarding the book of Revelation, one could hold to either the early date or the late date.
Either view would still make Revelation future for the futurist. For instance, Zane Hodges is a futurist, who holds to the early date of Revelation. If Revelation is dated to AD 95, which has been the traditional dating for the last 1, years, then this would render preterism obsolete to Bible believers. There is both internal and external evidence for the dating of the book of Revelation:.
External evidence is the attestation for the date of Revelation that exists outside of the book. Several lines of argument can be offered for the late date of Revelation:. Irenaeus is important to the dating of Revelation for two reasons: 1 he was in Smyrna during his youth where Revelation circulated, and 2 he was the disciple of Polycarp bishop of Smyrna , who was the disciple of John.
Greg Bahnsen. When Was Revelation Written? Research into the historical context of the book of Revelation is necessary in order to understand the message of this book properly. The reader ought to appreciate the concrete setting of the book and the historical perspective which its author would have had. It is true that in the case of any Biblical book we should ask at the outset of study under what circumstances it was written, but in the case of the book of Revelation the answer to such a question will more significantly affect one’s interpretation of the text of the book than it would for virtually any other portion of Scripture.
One’s understanding of the historical setting for Revelation will be absolutely crucial in the determination of one’s understanding of the message of the book.
Interpreting the Book of Revelation has been approached in many ways by would agree with the late date, they invented Covenant Theology.
When people write about the dating of the books of the New Testament they often reveal much about their theological position in relation to those books. Liberal theologians and sceptics like to put the date of the authorship of the Gospels long after the event in order to cast doubt on their authenticity. If we take the testimony of the New Testament writers at their word, it is clear that almost all of what we now have as the New Testament had to be written before AD70; the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem.
Central to dating the New Testament is the Book of Acts. It is reasonable to conclude that the events described in the last chapters of Acts must have taken place before AD The view of the Roman Empire given in these chapters fits in well with what we know of the relatively benign rule of Nero in his early years when he was under the influence of the philosopher Seneca Nero reigned from AD Nero became increasingly tyrannical as Seneca withdrew from public life.
Acts does not record the death of Paul which, according to tradition, took place between AD It would seem highly unlikely that Acts could have been written after the death of Paul, since Luke would almost certainly have recorded that event. Luke tells us at the beginning of Acts that his Gospel was written before Acts. At the beginning of Luke he tells us that other Gospels were written before his.
At least this must include Mark and probably Matthew. Even if Hebrews was not written by Paul, it must have been written before the destruction of the Temple or it would have made no sense. Since John lived until the end of the first century his writings could be later than AD70 and used Roman time.
3 Mistakes Most People Make When Reading Revelation
Gsell Kfgne de timpereur Domititn,pp. For then, the first “ancient copies” would and could only have been made after A. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:.
Book of Revelation is only another version of Christ’s Olivet Discourse, since careful scrutiny of the Irenaean evidence for a late date for Revelation tends.
Christopher L. Two dates for the book of Revelation have been suggested. Internal Evidence. There are five widely accepted late-date arguments that support John writing the book of Revelation in AD 95 while exiled to the island of Patmos by Emperor Domitian. Here are five arguments and a brief explanation of each. Banishment of John to Patmos. Revelation tells readers that John was banished to the island of Patmos because of the word of God and testimony of Jesus.
Second, Nero did not exile people nearly as often as Domitian. Domitian was known for banishing Christians while Nero was known for killing them. Third, nowhere in history is there a record that says Nero banished Christians.